“The viral integration of foreign DNA that took place in the HeLa genome is done in a subset of cervical strangulation cancers, but in this case it happened very unfortunately,” says Adey. “Sometimes it was integrated into a place that activates a cancer gene, so it was really a perfect storm of events that occurred in the cell, which led to this extremely aggressive form of cancer and ultimately to cell perpetuation.” Normal human cells cannot survive long in culture, but George Gey, a cell biologist at Johns Hopkins, has discovered that these cells can be kept alive and successfully proliferated in vitro. Subsequently, Microbiological Associates` large-scale reproductive process has resulted in significant commercial success in the HeLa cell line, allowing the cells to be used in laboratories around the world (and even in space). They have played an important role in the themes of the Human Genome Project, virus research and vaccine development (particularly polio and HIV), genome research, cancer research and other scientific applications. HeLa cells have innovated in tissue transport, tissue freezing and genome sequencing technologies. As the data generated by connected devices becomes more numerous and solutions and ecosystems mature, we see that such questions are being asked about data ownership and data sharing. The automotive industry is facing disputes over consumer rights with suppliers and OEMs with their industrial partners. The relevant questions are: In addition, the Yijuan Ruans group has a new vision of the impact of spatial genome organization on transcription, which has a significant impact on disease aberrations, at the Jackson Laboratory Cancer Center in Bar Harbor, Maine. Collins and Kathy Hudson, then NIH`s Assistant Director of Science, Public Relations and Policy, formed a working group of bioethicists, geneticists, clinicians and members of the Lacks family.
In accordance with the Family`s August 2013 agreement with the NIH, the researchers` plans to use the data were to meet certain criteria: the data should be used only for biomedical research purposes, applicants must disclose all business plans they would have for the data, and applicants would agree to recognize the family and cell contributions in all publications and submissions. The study by the University of Washington group, which had been put on hold, appeared in an issue of Nature that ran this month with a discussion on the Hudson and Collins Accords. IoT data sharing is in its infancy. To harness economic potential, new models of economics and innovation must take shape. These require different technologies and, likely, new governance mechanisms for data possession and use. Only then can we hope to enable innovations such as those built on Henrietta Lacks` cells, while avoiding violating the privacy of data sources. Early in his career, Adey helped study what gives HeLa cells the ability to divide so aggressively. This ability was born from the integration of human papillomavirus DNA into the genome of a Henrietta Lacks cell that led to her cervical cancer. The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) has reached an agreement with Henrietta Lacks` family on access to genome data from HeLa cells.
Ownership issues raise significant concerns about potential innovations from IoT data. Among them, after the genomic information was published in a public database by German researchers at THE EMBL, Skloot published a statement in the New York Times, which attracted a lot of attention.