The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. Authorized by the sovereign authority of the people by the authors and the agreement of the state legislators, it is the source of all governmental powers and also offers significant restrictions to the government that protect the fundamental rights of the citizens of the United States. Many state conventions have ratified the Constitution, but have called for amendments that specifically protect individual rights from reduction by the federal government. The debate raged for months. By June 1788, nine states had ratified the Constitution and ensured that it would enter into force for those nine states. However, major states like Virginia and New York had not ratified. James Madison, the principal author of the Constitution, knew that if these states (the original states of several of their leading architects, including Madison himself) did not adopt it, there would be serious doubts about the Constitution. In 1786, Alexander Hamilton, a New York lawyer and politician, called for a constitutional convention to discuss the issue. The Confederate Congress, which supported the idea in February 1787, invited the 13 states to send delegates to a meeting in Philadelphia. On May 25, 1787, the Constitutional Convention opened in Philadelphia, in the Pennsylvania State House, now known as Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence had been passed 11 years earlier. There were 55 delegates representing the thirteen states, with the exception of Rhode Island, which refused to send representatives because it did not want a powerful central government to intervene in its economic affairs.
George Washington, who became a national hero after leading the Continental Army to victory during the American Revolution, was unanimously elected president of the Convention. The word “preamble” is true, but not quite the meaning of this provision. The preamble could be understood – we do not think so – that these words are just rhetorical frills or frills that make no sense. Admittedly, the “preamble” rightly suggests that this provision itself does not confer or delimit governmental powers or citizens` rights. . . .